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自吸混动涡轮买中型车你更倾向哪种动力
2020-01-07 23:33  www.petitewanders.com

【搜狐汽车TopTest】中型车就像一个分水岭,当到了这个级别,人们就会更在意车辆的舒适性以及身份的彰显。但在这之余,他们也没有放低对动力的标准,家庭用户还会对空间有一定要求。今天我们为大家梳理一下TopTest团队2019年下半年以来测试过的4款合资品牌中型车,希望给您带来一定的参考价值。

[Sohu's TopTest] Midsize cars are like a watershed, and when it comes to that level, people are more concerned about the comfort and identity of the vehicle. But in addition to this, they did not lower the standard of motivation, home users will have some space requirements. Today we are combing for you the 4 joint venture brand medium car tested by TopTest team since the second half of 2019, hope to bring you some reference value.

从参数上看,福特金牛座表现最抢眼。马自达阿特兹是其中唯一一款仍然使用自吸发动机的中型车,丰田亚洲龙的混合动力系统在起步时有更好表现。

In terms of parameters, the ford Taurus is the most impressive. Mazda Atz is the only medium-sized car that still uses a self-priming engine, and Toyota Asian Dragon's hybrid system performs better when it starts.

别克对于向上挑战这件事一直有执念,早年间的新世纪、林荫大道便凭借着别具一格的美式风格成为了豪华品牌的有力竞争对手;而如今,不再有一款单独的车型来完成这项任务,接力棒来到了别克旗下旗舰轿车君越的手中,因此,我们在进行比较时不能够简单地将同级别B 级车型列为竞争对手,更要将豪华品牌中型轿车考虑在其中。

Buick has been obsessed with the challenge, and in the early new century, the boulevards have become a strong competitor to luxury brands with a unique American style; and now there is no single model to do the job, the baton has come to the hands of the Buick flagship, so we cannot simply compete with the class B model in the comparison, but rather consider the luxury brand car midsize.

全新君越全系标配涡轮增压发动机,最大功率为177千瓦,峰值扭矩为350牛米,传动系统匹配9挡手自一体变速箱,值得一提的是,第八代Ecotec发动机最大扭矩输出区间提前到了1500转,对车辆的低扭表现更加有利;此外,这台发动机还支持智能变缸技术,共有分为三种模式,分别是四缸高性能模式、四缸经济模式、两缸超经济模式,随之而来的将是更高的燃油经济性。

The new Junyue standard turbocharged engine, with a maximum power of 177 kW and a peak torque of 350 nm, and a transmission system matching a nine-guard self-contained gearbox, is worth noting that the maximum torque output range of the eighth-generation Ecotec engine has advanced to 1,500 rpm, which is more favorable for the low-twist performance of the vehicle.

将车辆的电子稳定系统关闭并按下Sport模式按钮,松开刹车油门到底的瞬间,轮胎会发生轻微打滑,随后便向前窜出。1挡、2挡都能感受到不错的爆发力,最大G值可达到左右,并能够持续秒左右。挂入三挡后车速攀升速率放缓,G值回落至左右,主观加速感受也柔和不少,最终实测成绩为秒。同级别高配车型基本都搭载了涡轮增压发动机,参数方面差距也不明显,两款B 级直接竞品的百公里加速成绩差距不大,搭载自然吸气发动机 电动机的亚洲龙在参数方面与君越Avenir和金牛座差距有些大,即便有电动机的加持也在这个环节败下阵来。

Turning off the vehicle's electronic stabilisation system and pressing the Sport mode button, the moment the brake throttle is released to the end, the tire will slip slightly and then dart forward. The first block, the second block can feel the good explosive force, the maximum G value can reach left and right, and can last about seconds. After the third gear, the speed climb rate slowed, the G value fell to the left and right, the subjective acceleration feeling is also softer, the final measured results are seconds. The same class of high-matching models are basically equipped with turbocharged engines, the parameter gap is not obvious, the two B-class direct competition of the 100-mile acceleration of the gap, the natural inspiratory motor with the Asian dragon in the parameters of the Avenir and Taurus some of the big gap, even if the motor blessing is also lost in this link.

制动成绩相当不错,米的成绩位于搜狐汽车的制动标准线以上,在全力踩下制动踏板的瞬间便可获得接近-的最大G值,随后,全段G值几乎都能够保持在-1以上,这样的表现符合其作为旗舰车型的安全标准。

Braking performance is quite good, the results of meters is located above the Sohu brake standard line, in the full force of the brake pedal moment you can get close to the maximum G-value, and then, the whole section of the G-value can be kept above -1, such performance as its flagship model safety standards.

根据我们对于TNGA架构车型的试驾经历,这些造型更大胆、更具操控感的全新一代产品正在努力打破丰田给我们留下的固有印象,亚洲龙同样如此。曾经凭借“大沙发”属性红遍美国市场的亚洲龙正在用实际行动来摘掉这顶帽子,用更均衡的表现去拥抱当下的主流年轻消费群体。但是,对于亚洲龙来说这毕竟是一次全新的尝试,能否成功还取决于它有没有过硬的产品力来支撑。

Based on our experience with the test drive of the TNGA architecture, these bolder, more manipulative new generation products are trying to break the impression that Toyota has left us, as are the Asian dragons. The asian dragon, who once hit the u. s.market with the \"big sofa\" attribute, is taking the hat off with real action and embracing the mainstream young consumer in a more balanced way. However, this is a new attempt for the Asian Dragon after all, and its success depends on whether it has a strong product to support it.

动力方面,双擎版车型搭载了代号为A25B的自然吸气发动机,最大功率为131千瓦,峰值扭矩221牛米,并与汽油版车型搭载的代号为A25A发动机进行了差异化调校。双擎版车型为了追求更高的燃油经济性,压缩比由汽油版的13:1上升至14:1。此外,更宽泛的扭矩输出范围也能让发动机拥有更加持续的动力输出,增强与电动机的协作性。在电动机的加持下,这套混动系统所能爆发出的最大功率为160千瓦。

On the power side, the dual-engine model is equipped with a natural inspiratory engine named A25B, with a maximum power of 131 kW and a peak torque of 221 nm, and is differentiated from the A25A engine used in the gasoline version. The dual-engine model's compression ratio rose from 13:1 in the gasoline version to 14:1 in pursuit of higher fuel economy. In addition, a broader range of torque output also allows the engine to have more sustained power output, enhancing collaboration with the motor. With the power of the motor, the maximum power of the hybrid system is 160 kilowatts.

在车辆挂至S挡,直接采用地板油的形式完成起步,轮胎并不会出现打滑现象,起步阶段能够感受到明显的推背感。在加速初段,车辆的最大G值能够达到左右,在这个级别的车型中并不算出众;与同样搭载这套混动系统的兄弟车型感受类似,亚洲龙的中后段加速会逐渐趋于平稳,虽然爆发力有所减弱,但自然吸气发动机还是展现出了比较充足的动力储备,线性且从容的动力输出方式少了一些感官冲击,但提速却并不慢,最终,亚洲龙的百公里加速成绩最终定格在秒。

In the vehicle hanging to the S block, directly using the form of floor oil to complete the start, the tire will not appear skid phenomenon, the starting stage can feel the obvious feeling of pushing back. At the beginning of the acceleration, the maximum G of the vehicle can reach the left and right, in this class of models is not outstanding; similar to the same hybrid system with the feeling of the brother, the Asian Dragon's mid-to-late acceleration will gradually stabilize, although the explosive force has weakened, but the natural inspiratory engine still showed a relatively sufficient power reserve, linear and calm power output mode less sensory impact, but not slow speed, eventually, the Asian Dragon's hundred kilometers of acceleration results in the final freeze.

制动系统的表现在平均水平以上,接近-的最大G值出现在制动初段,随后G值基本能够稳定在-1左右,制动力输出线性,可控性较高。同时,在多次测试之后也未出现明显的热衰减现象,成绩上下浮动不大可靠性同样经得住考验。最终,亚洲龙的100-0km/h制动最佳成绩为米。

The performance of the braking system is above the average level, the maximum G value of close to - appears in the initial stage of the brake, and then the G value can be basically stable at -1, the brake force output is linear, and the controllability is high. At the same time, after many tests, there is no obvious thermal decline phenomenon, the results up and down floating less reliable also can stand the test. In the end, the best result of the Asian Dragon's 100-0 km\/h brake is meters.

对于这款全新一代阿特兹,网络上出现的声音大多是褒贬不一的,总结起来主要是以下几点:1、外观内饰设计样式确有变化,但变化幅度不足以成为换代车型;2、老款车型上使用的动力总成依旧没有得到变化或提升;3、整车实际行驶品质确有提高,但提高程度能否让消费者愿意买单有待观察。

For this new generation of artez, the voice on the network is mostly mixed, summed up mainly in the following points:1, the appearance of the interior design style changes, but the range of change is not enough to become a replacement model;2, the old model on the use of the power assembly has not been changed or improved;3, the actual driving quality of the car has improved, but whether the degree of improvement to consumers willing to pay for the order remains to be seen.

这台自吸发动机已经陪伴了阿特兹太多年,动力参数方面整体并不亮眼,但这颗大心脏给它带来的是持续线性的输出,自吸发动机后段的发力能让你感受到转速攀升带来的刺激,总体来说它并不会让你眼前一亮,但是当你想要完成超车等动作的时候,它也会毫不犹豫的给予你支持。

The self-priming engine has been with artez for too many years, and the overall power parameter is not bright, but the big heart gives it a continuous linear output, and the power at the back of the self-priming engine can make you feel the thrill of rising speed, which doesn't make your eyes bright overall, but it doesn't hesitate to give you support when you want to finish overtaking and so on.

加速环节,在一个遍地涡轮发动机的时代,自吸发动机的爆发力确实略显不足,这就好像你坐过今天的高铁再去坐绿皮火车一样,但好在从数据上来看,这台排量的发动机并没有我们体感的那么不堪,秒的0-100km/h加速成绩说不上多么亮眼,但日常代步使用已经完全足够。从图中我们不难看出,车身姿态控制良好,并没有出现过分抬头的现象。

Acceleration, in an age of turbo-engines everywhere, is a bit less explosive than a self-priming engine, as if you'd been on today's high-speed rail and then on a green-skin train, but the data show that the displacement engine isn't as bad as what we feel, the 0-100km\/h acceleration in seconds isn't as bright as it is, but everyday use is enough. It is not difficult to see from the diagram that the body posture control is good, and there is no phenomenon of excessive rise.

制动方面,制动力的输出方式与上一代车型没有变化,制动踏板前半段制动力输出较弱,后半段制动力比较充足,但两段中间的过渡不够柔和,因此如果是新任车主需要一定的适应时间,但在面对紧急制动的时候,制动力的输出非常充足,绝对制动力也不弱。

In braking, the output mode of braking force does not change with the previous generation model, the brake pedal front half brake power output is weak, the rear half brake power is more adequate, but the transition between the two sections is not soft enough, so if the new owner needs a certain adaptation time, but in the face of emergency braking, the brake force output is very sufficient, absolute braking force is not weak.

大众化品牌产品很难逾越自身的价格“天花板”,以长安福特金牛座为例,金牛座最早推出时售价区间为万元,顶配车型售价已经接近优惠后的奥迪A6L低配车型,这就让金牛座变得很尴尬,很少有消费者会放弃豪华品牌车型而选择顶配的金牛座。目前,在售的2019款长安福特金牛座经过了一定的调整,砍掉了最早的和动力版本,仅提供一款动力版本,售价区间相应调整为万元,定价已趋于合理。

Popular brand products are difficult to exceed their own price \"ceiling \", take Changan Ford Taurus as an example, Taurus first launched when the price range of 10,000 yuan, the top model has been close to the price of the Audi A6L low-match model, which makes Taurus become very embarrassing, few consumers will give up luxury brand models to choose the top Taurus. At present, the 2019 Changan Fute Taurus sold in a certain adjustment, cut off the earliest and power version, only to provide a power version, the price range corresponding to the adjustment to 10,000 yuan, pricing has become reasonable.

2019款金牛座目前仅提供一款发动机,实际上这个方案比较合理,此前动力显然不足以驱动金牛座这样的大“身材”,而版本则直接拉升了其售价。

The 2019 Taurus currently offers only one engine, which is actually more reasonable, after apparently not enough power to drive a large'body' like the Taurus, and the version directly boosts its price.

关闭车身稳定系统,刹车、油门同时踩到底之后发动机转速会保持在2900rpm左右,松开刹车弹射起步,前轮胎会有轻微的打滑现象,大约损失秒钟。待轮胎恢复抓地力之后,能感觉到动力是线性沉稳的输出,虽然发动机峰值扭矩达到了390N·m,但整个加速过程并不暴躁,换挡过程平顺不易察觉,沉稳的动力输出符合其商务车的定位,全力加速最好成绩锁定在秒。起步阶段车身姿态稳定,前悬挂能够牢牢地拽住车身,车辆抬头现象控制合理。

Turn off the body stability system, brake, throttle at the same time after the engine speed will remain around 2900rpm, loosen the brake ejection start, the front tire will have a slight skid phenomenon, about loss of seconds. After the tire recovers its grip, it can feel that the power is linearly steady output. Although the peak torque of the engine reaches 390 N · m, the whole acceleration process is not irritable, the shift process is smooth and difficult to detect, the steady power output conforms to the positioning of its business vehicle, and the full acceleration best result is locked in seconds. In the initial stage, the body posture is stable, the front suspension can hold the body firmly, and the phenomenon of vehicle lifting is controlled reasonably.

全力制动时,金牛座的车身姿态控制稳定,前悬压缩和后悬拉伸都控制在了合理范围之内。从曲线图中可以看出,制动时最大g值仅为-,这样的数字说明制动力不算特别直接,初段制动力偏虚,但是胜在全段制动力释放稳定均匀,最终得到了米的良好成绩,达到了标准线以内。

Full braking, Taurus body posture control stable, the front and back suspension are controlled within a reasonable range. It can be seen from the graph that the maximum g value of braking is only -, such a number shows that the braking power is not particularly direct, the initial stage of the braking power is partial to the virtual, but better than in the whole section of the braking force release stable and uniform, finally got a good result of meters, reached within the standard line.

CDC主动悬架是同级别独一份儿的配置,它会尽职尽责地去守护车辆路感和舒适性的平衡,让你能够始终处于一个从容的驾驶状态。在绕桩环节,君越Avenir跑出了/h的成绩,即便是面对豪华品牌竞品时也能底气十足,但不得不说,CDC主动悬架更多的是影响车内乘客的主观体验,从车外来看,君越Avenir的整体姿态其实并不优雅。

The CDC's active suspension is a unique configuration at the same level, and it does its duty to guard the balance of the road and comfort of the vehicle, allowing you to remain in a calm state of driving. In the pile-up segment, LaCrosse Avenir ran out of \/h, even in the face of luxury brand competition can also be full of courage, but have to say, CDC active suspension is more to affect the subjective experience of passengers in the car, from the outside of the car, the overall attitude of LaCrosse Avenir is not actually elegant.

前麦弗逊 后多连杆的悬架组合基本属于同级别车型的标配,但由于有CDC主动悬架的加持,君越Avenir的悬架在调校方面有更多的空间去留给舒适性,在经过一些细碎振动时,底盘几乎不会让你感受到异物的存在。而在经过幅度较大的障碍时,弹簧会在压缩后迅速回弹,且这个动作过程比较利落,车身不会有多余的抖动,高级感体现得很明显。

The suspension mix of the former McPherson and rear multilinks is basically the standard for the same class model, but with the addition of the CDC's active suspension, there is more room for comfort in the adjustment of the LaCrosse Avenir's suspension, and the chassis almost doesn't make you feel the presence of a foreign body during some fine vibrations. And after the larger obstacle, the spring will spring back quickly after compression, and this action process is relatively sharp, the body will not have excess jitter, the high-level sense is very obvious.

由于电池组的布局得到了优化,位置降低,车辆重心也相应下调,随之而来的便是更加迅速、灵敏的车身响应。同时,相比燃油版车型更加合理的配重布局也让双擎版车型拥有更加从容的极限表现。此外,后悬架防倾杆强度提升也是车辆能够拥有更高极限的保障。最终,双擎版车型在绕桩环节取得了/h的成绩,在B级车市场属于相当不错的水准了。

Because the layout of the battery pack is optimized, the position is reduced, and the vehicle center of gravity is reduced accordingly, followed by a more rapid and sensitive body response. At the same time, compared to the fuel version of the more reasonable counterweight layout also allows dual-engine models to have a more relaxed performance of the limit. In addition, the rear suspension anti-roll bar strength enhancement is also the vehicle can have the higher limit safeguard. In the end, the double-engine model in the pile link achieved \/ h results, in the B-class car market is quite good.

底盘方面,汽油版车型标配了AVS自适应可变悬架,系统能自动监测路面并实现50次/秒的调整,且每根避震桶内部都有650级阻尼可调。原以为这样实用的配置会被延续到双擎版车型上,但遗憾的是,双擎版车型并未搭载这套大大提升乘坐体验的配置。同时,韩泰Ventus轮胎虽然品牌上在同级别没什么牌面,但用起来效果还不错,这款主打静音与舒适的轮胎比较适合亚洲龙的使用情景。

Chassis, gasoline version of the standard AVS adaptive variable suspension, the system can automatically monitor the road surface and achieve 50 per second adjustment, and each shock absorber barrel has 650-class damping adjustable inside. Such a practical configuration would have been extended to the dual-engine model, but unfortunately the dual-engine model did not carry this greatly enhanced ride experience configuration. At the same time, although the brand in the same class of hantai venus has no brand surface, but the effect is good, this main mute and comfortable tire is more suitable for the use of the asian dragon scene.

操控一直是马自达手中的王牌,在这次换代中,原本的GVC系统升级成为GVC-Plus系统,原本仅仅针对前轮的辅助系统升级之后可以对后轮起到相同作用,好处便是可以更加快速稳定的过弯。

Manipulation has always been Mazda's trump card, in this replacement, the original GVC system upgrade to GVC-Plus system, originally only for the front wheel after the auxiliary system upgrade can play the same role in the rear wheel, the advantage is that it can be more rapid and stable over the bend.

马自达的悬架系统对于车身的支撑性十分到位,这点您从绕桩的极限当中可以看出,阿特兹的悬架系统整体还是偏向运动化风格调校,面对路面上较大的波动坑洼,悬架系统压缩回弹都比较干脆利落,一步到位,不会出现多余的震动。而路面上小幅度的波动则会被传导到车内,通俗来说就是路感比较清晰。

Mazda's suspension system is in place for the body's support, this point you can see from the pile around the limit of the suspension system as a whole or in favor of a sporty style adjustment, in the face of large fluctuations on the road potholes, suspension system compression rebound are more crisp, one-step in place, will not appear redundant vibration. And the small fluctuation of the road surface will be transmitted to the car, popularly speaking, is more clear sense of the road.

中大型车不适合太过激烈的驾驶,商务定位的金牛座悬挂设定本身就偏重舒适性,再加上超过5米的车身长度,在18米快速绕桩测试环节会显得比较笨重,车尾的跟随性一般,但是对侧倾的抑制较好。

Medium and large cars are not suitable for too intense driving, the business positioning of the taurus suspension itself on the comfort, plus more than 5 meters of body length, in the 18 meters of rapid pile around the test link will appear relatively bulky, the tail of the average, but the contralateral is better.

后悬挂下控制臂采用了铝制材质,配备的稳定杆也较为粗壮,用料厚道。底盘整体调校偏重舒适性,悬挂对细碎颠簸过滤的很到位,遇到大的坑洼时,绝大部分冲击都能被悬挂有效化解,传递到车内的振动很柔和,金牛座底盘舒适性在同级当中是数一数二的,展现出商务车应有的高水准。

After the suspension of the control arm using aluminum material, equipped with a more robust stable rod, thick with material. The overall adjustment of the chassis is more comfortable, the suspension is in place to filter the fine bumps and bumps, most of the impact can be effectively resolved by the suspension, the vibration transmitted to the car is very soft, Taurus chassis comfort in the same class is one of the best, showing the business car should be a high standard.

君越Avenir的车身做工以及用料都符合美系车的特征—厚重,但在怠速状态下,发动机噪音比较明显,成绩虽然也处于优秀标准线以上,但和我们的预期有一定差距。当车辆动起来后,风噪和路噪被抑制得相当到位,此时君越Avenir在车身密封性方面的优势便体现出来了。

Arvinir's bodywork and materials are consistent with the characteristics of the American car-heavy, but in idle state, engine noise is more obvious, although the results are above the excellent standard line, but there is a certain gap with our expectations. When the vehicle moves, the wind noise and road noise are quite suppressed in place, and then the superiority of the Avenir in the body sealing is reflected.

双擎版车型在噪音方面的优秀表现在意料之中,分贝的怠速噪音、或者说是通电噪音可以秒杀几乎所有燃油车。在发动机介入参与动力输出后,亚洲龙的噪音开始恢复正常值。可以看到,在60km/h的速度下,发动机转速不高,噪音值仍优势明显,但在80km/h、120km/h的车速下,发动机噪音便有些拖后腿了,这也是大部分双擎版车型的通病。值得表扬的是,底盘以及轮胎对于路面噪音的过滤效果非常不错,风噪也不会对车内静谧性造成过多干扰。

The two-engine model's excellent performance in noise was expected, with decibels of idling noise, or electric noise, easily beating almost all fuel cars. After the engine intervenes to participate in the power output, the noise of the Asian dragon begins to return to normal. It can be seen that at the speed of 60km\/h, the engine speed is not high, the noise value is still obvious, but at the speed of 80km\/h,120km\/h, the engine noise will be somewhat delayed, which is also a common problem in most dual-engine models. It is commendable that the chassis and tires are very good at filtering road noise, and the wind noise will not cause too much disturbance to the quietness of the vehicle.

噪音方面一直是马自达经常被大家调侃的方面,在这代车型上噪音问题确实有所改善,但这仅仅是在车内的感受,尤其在冷启动方面,噪音问题是由于发动机需要通过排气让三元催化装置达到工作温度这个实际问题所导致的,因此在没有改变排气布局的情况下,这个问题本身不会得到解决,但厂家也尽可能的在防火墙、A柱、地板下放等位置放置更多的隔音材料,力求让车主免受噪音之苦。

Noise has always been the subject of constant criticism from Mazda, and the noise problem does improve in this generation, but it's just the feeling in the car, especially in the cold start-up, which is caused by the fact that the engine needs to exhaust the ternary catalytic unit to reach the working temperature, so without changing the exhaust layout, the problem itself will not be solved, but the manufacturer will also try to place more soundproof materials in the firewall, A column, floor drop and so on, in order to keep the owner from the noise.

金牛座整体噪音控制能够达到较高的标准,如果严苛对比,金牛座怠速噪音在同级中算是中等偏下的,速度起来之后部分时速路噪和风噪控制的还算不错,仅有时速在80km/h时噪音值超过了搜狐汽车认定的优秀值,其他时速下都达到了优秀标准。

Taurus overall noise control can reach a higher standard, if strict contrast, Taurus idling noise in the same class is medium, speed up after part of the speed of noise and wind noise control is quite good, only at 80 km\/h speed of noise over the excellent value of Sohu cars, other speeds have reached the excellent standard.

马自达阿特兹以良好的操控在绕桩测试中拔得头筹,但在噪音控制方面,虽然有所改善,但还不够好。但金牛座以精良的内饰做工和质感,以及舒适的乘坐感受,更能迎合这个级别用户的喜好。如果结合价格来看的话,丰田亚洲龙越级的空间更能受到家庭用户的青睐。

Mazda atts is leading the way in the pile-wiping test with good handling, but it's not good enough to improve noise control. But Taurus has a fine interior and texture, and a comfortable ride that caters to this class of users. If combined with the price, the Toyota Asia Dragon over-class space is more favored by home users.